Andrew "Andy" Murray (born 15 May 1987 in Glasgow), is a Scottish tennis player, who is currently the highest-ranking British player. As of August 20, 2007, Murray has a current world ranking of #19. In December 2005, he won the BBC Scotland Sports Personality of the Year Award, and the sport section of the Top Scot awards. His elder brother Jamie is Great Britain's best ranked doubles player.
Murray is coached by Brad Gilbert.
Murray was a former pupil of Dunblane Primary School between 1992 to 1999. He was eight years old and in Primary Four when the Dunblane Massacre devastated the school, resulting in the deaths of a teacher and sixteen Primary One pupils. Murray, however, says he was shielded from the aftermath of the tragedy and, still being a child, wasn't truly aware of what was going on. In 1999, he went on to attend Dunblane High School.
Between the ages of 11 and 13 Murray was a member of the junior tennis team at the Next Generation club in Newhaven, Edinburgh, where he played regularly. At 14 he moved to Barcelona in Spain, where he attended the Schiller International School and trained on the clay courts of the Sanchez-Casal Academy, where he was nicknamed 'Lazy English'. He won the Boys Singles title at the US Open in 2004, and won BBC Young Sports Personality of the Year. He finished his school career in 2005.
Into the limelight
In March 2005, he was called up to play doubles for Great Britain's Davis Cup team to play against Israel, and became Great Britain's youngest ever Davis Cup player in doing so. Murray and David Sherwood produced a surprise win over the Israeli doubles team, who at the time were the World number eight pairing and had reached the Wimbledon semi-final in 2003. This helped Great Britain to a 3-2 victory.
The Scot reached the semi-finals of the Boys' tournament at the French Open, losing to Croatian Marin Cilic, and this would prove to be his last foray into the Junior events at a Grand Slam.
In an interview with Gabby Logan for the BBC's Inside Sport programme, Andy said that he was both Scottish and British and was comfortable and happy with his British identity. He said he saw no conflict between the two and was equally proud of them. He also mentioned that while Wimbledon was not his favourite tournament, he loved the support of the British fans.
2005 tennis season
Considered to be Murray's breakthrough year, almost all of his ATP tour results have come on hard and grass courts, though he has claimed to prefer clay courts, a liking tied to his training in Barcelona as a junior.
Maiden year as a professional
Prior to the Junior French Open in April, Murray turned professional and played his first senior tournament when he was given a wild card to the ATP Open SEAT clay-court event in Barcelona, his adopted home town. He lost in the first round to Jan Hernych.
The Barcelona Tournament gave Murray his first senior ranking point, and he was soon handed a second wild card for the Stella Artois championship at Queens. He progressed to the third-round but retired due to cramp.
Murray was awarded a wildcard for Wimbledon. He went into his first senior grand slam ranked 374th in the world, but managed to produce a major upset by defeating fourteenth seed Radek St?pánek in straight sets. He was the first Scottish person in the Open era to reach round three at Wimbledon, and was the only Briton remaining in the men's or ladies' singles championship. Murray's run in Wimbledon 2005 came to an end when he was beaten by David Nalbandian after leading by two sets to love, when he began showing visible signs of fatigue in the fourth and fifth sets. During the tournament his performances saw Henman Hill re-christened as Murray Mound/Mount and Murrayfield (a reference to Murrayfield Stadium in Edinburgh), and Henmania became 'Andymonium' - but whether these names will stick is unknown.
Mark Petchey, who had been coaching Murray through the early part of that grass court season was then confirmed as the player's full time coach, Murray stating:
"I'm so pleased to have Mark as my coach, I respect him a great deal. He has helped me massively over the last few weeks and I am excited to work with him moving forward."
He began the U.S. hardcourt season by winning his first title at the Aptos, California Challenger Series hardcourt event without dropping a set. A wildcard afforded him entry to the Cincinnati Masters event where he played his first match against a top-ten player, Marat Safin, in the second-round. Murray lost the match, 6-4, 1-6, 6-1.
Murray was ranked #122 in the world and had to qualify for the U.S. Open. He was able to reach the second-round, playing two five-set matches. On the 29th September he finally reached the top 100, when he beat Robin Soderling in the Thailand Open. He reached his first ATP final by beating home favourite Paradorn Srichaphan in the semi-finals but lost to World no.1 Roger Federer in the final. His world ranking rose to #72.
Murray returned from a short injury layoff to play at the Davidoff Swiss Indoors. He was drawn in the first-round against British number one Tim Henman, with this tie being first time the two had met in professional competition. Murray defeated Henman, 6-2, 5-7, 7-6(4).
Murray began the 2006 season with second round exits in two tournaments, followed by a first round loss to Juan Ignacio Chela in his first Australian Open appearance. The SAP Open which followed brought him his first ATP title, as Murray beat two former world number 1's in the form of Andy Roddick and Lleyton Hewitt. He reached the quarter-finals in his next tournament in Memphis. He lost in the first round of six of the next nine tournaments he played in, including first round exits at the French Open and at Queen's Club. During this run, Murray unsuccessfully partnered Greg Rusedski in Great Britain's Davis Cup tie, after missing the singles through injury.
At Wimbledon Murray reached the fourth round of a Grand Slam for the first time, before losing in straight sets to Marcos Baghdatis. He reached the semi-final and final of the next two tournaments he entered (the Hall of Fame Championships in Newport and the Legg Mason Classic in Washington, respectively). In between, he won a singles match against Andy Ram in the Davis Cup tie with Israel.
Murray reached the semi-final of the Toronto Masters, losing to Richard Gasquet. In the next tournament, the Cincinnati Masters, he lost to Andy Roddick in the quarter-finals after earlier defeating world number 1, Roger Federer. Murray was one of only two players to beat Federer in 2006, the other being Rafael Nadal. The final grand slam of the year, the U.S. Open, saw Murray reach the fourth round, before losing to the seeded Nikolay Davydenko in four sets. This was followed by his final Davis Cup appearance for the year, in which he won both singles rubbers in straight sets and lost the doubles en route to a British victory over the Ukraine, which ensured the team's continued presence in group 1 of the Europe/Africa zone for 2007.
In the final set of tournaments in 2006 he lost to Tim Henman in the first round of the Thailand Open (where he had reached the final the year before) He reached the final of the doubles, partnered by his brother. At the Madrid Masters, he defeated number 3 seed Ivan Ljubi?i? before losing to Novak ?okovi? in the round of 16. In his final tournament of the year, the Paris Masters, Murray beat Chela, and lost in the next round to Dominik Hrbaty. At the end of the year, Murray was ranked 17th in the world.
At the Australian Open, Murray's first Grand Slam of the calender year, he was seeded 15th (his highest seeding for a Grand Slam event). In his first round match he beat Alberto Martín of Spain 6-0, 6-0, 6-1, which equalled the largest-ever victory at the Australian Open, in the Open Era, which began in 1968. In the fourth round Murray faced Rafael Nadal for the first time in his career. After leading by 2 sets to 1, Murray lost in 5 sets to Nadal, (6(3)-7(7), 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 6-1). After the match Murray stated that it was the best performance of his career.
Andy Murray successfully defended his San Jose title, beating Ivo Karlovi? 6-7 (3-7) 6-4 7-6 (7-2) in a closely fought final. His brother, Jamie also won the doubles title. The Murrays became the first brothers to win the singles and doubles titles at the same event since Emilio and Javier Sánchez at Kitzbühel in 1989.
At the Indian Wells Masters event Murray made his way into the quarter finals after a 7-6 (7-5) 6-4 victory over number four seed Nikolay Davydenko. He then proceeded to save two match points and recover from a serious fall, in which he injured his ankle and hip, and bounce back to beat German Tommy Haas to progress to the semi-finals, winning 3-6 6-3 7-6(8). He could not make it to the final though, hampered by the injury he sustained in the quarter final against Tommy Haas, he lost 6-2, 6-3 to Novak ?okovi?. Despite the loss, he rose to a career high ranking of 12th in the world. A week later, at the Miami Masters faced Novak ?okovi? again, and an abysmal saw him crash out 6-1, 6-0. It was later revealed that Murray had been injured in training the day before and was a doubt for the Davis Cup tie the following week. However, he did rise to a career high ranking of 11th in the world.
On Friday April 13th Murray clinched the 10th place position in the world after the former #10 Tommy Haas failed to reach the U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships semi-finals in Houston.
After the Hamburg Masters, where Murray was forced to abandon in the first set of his first round match against Italian Filippo Volandri due to a wrist injury, he announced that he was forced to withdraw his participation to the 2007 French Open. Shortly after this, he announced that he would not be able to take part in the tournament of Queen's, the preparatory tournament to The Championships, Wimbledon. He announced that he could not take part in Wimbledon either. Murray rose to #8 in the world even though he was inactive, because other players failed to defend points. After missing Wimbledon and several other tournaments, he dropped to World Number 14.
Murray made comeback at the Rogers Cup in Montréal, three months after sustaining the wrist injury and lost in the second round to World Number 139 Fabio Fognini 6-2, 6-2. The following week at Cincinnati Murray lost in the opening round to Marcos Baghdatis 6-1 6-2 and hence fell to World Number 19.
After this loss Murray played in the U.S. Open after missing the last two grand slams of the year due to his wrist injury. Murray reached the third round after a opening straight sets victory over against Pablo Cuevas, though suffered a real test from Jonas Bjorkman in the second round contesting a five set match, eventually coming through in the final set 6-1. Then unable to play his best tennis he fell to in form Hyung Taik-Lee 6-3 6-2 2-6 7-5.
Murrays form won $100,000 a exhibition event the Betfair Turbo Tennis tournament at the O2 arena in London. Where he defeated Wimbledon Champion Goran Ivanisevic (now retired from professional tennis) 7-4. The idea of the tournament is to have shorter matches playing the first to seven. In order to create more intense play and so attracting a larger audience to tennis. Murray commented afterwards “I really enjoyed myself and the crowd were unbelievable. It was a lot of fun playing a tennis match like this. For me to play against two Wimbledon champions in one day was great."
Murray went on to compete for Great Britain in the Davis Cup tie against Croatia played at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. He defeated Marin Cilic in a close five set match to take Britain to a 1–0 lead. Tim Henman won the second rubber and partnered with Jamie Murray to win the doubles title. Murray played the fourth rubber defeating Roku Karanusic 6–4, 7–6(4).
Murray started the Autumn indoor season with a strong showing at the Metz International in France. Wins over Janko Tipsarevi?, Michaël Llodra, Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, and Guillermo Cañas saw him reach the final of the tournament. In the final Murray took on top seeded Spaniard Tommy Robredo and lost 0–6, 6–2, 6–3; showing inconsistent form. Murray then headed to the Kremlin Cup in Moscow, where he had a solid opening-round win over young Russian hopeful Evgeny Korolev, before falling to Janko Tipsarevi?—the man who he beat in Metz the previous week—in the second round. Murray also spoke out in the British press claiming that "everyone is aware" of the match fixing problems that exist in tennis.
Murray reached the third round of the Madrid Masters, where he defeated Juan Ignacio Chela in the second round. He met Rafael Nadal in the third round, and both players traded breaks of serve throughout the match, but Murray eventually lost 7–6(5) 6–4. Following this Murray competed in St Petersburg taking out Dmitry Tursunov in a tight match 3–6, 7–6(2), 6–4 to reach a semi-final against Mikhail Youzhny. Murray reached his 7th career final in St Petersburg with a 6–2, 5–7, 7–6(1) win. He faced Fernando Verdasco in the final, winning 6–2, 6–3.
Murray then played in the 2007 Paris Masters, and defeated Fabrice Santoro in the third round 6–4, 6–2 before falling to home favorite Richard Gasquet 6–3, 0–6, 6–4 in the quarterfinals. This defeat ended his chances of qualification for the 2007 Tennis Masters Cup, while Gasquet received the last available place. After the tournament, Murray stood at number 12.
In late November, Murray split from coach Brad Gilbert, replacing him with a "team of coaches"
Murray trained hard in the off-season, working with fitness experts Jez Green, Matt Little and Miles Maclagan in Miami, leading Murray to say he had never been better prepared for a season. Murray's hard work paid off immediately as he sealed his fourth career title at the 2008 Qatar ExxonMobil Open, defeating top seed and world number four Nikolay Davydenko 6–4, 6–3 in the semifinals, before defeating up-and-coming Swiss Stanislas Wawrinka 6–4, 4–6, 6–2 in a tight final, which assured Murray rose back into the Top 10.
Murray was seeded ninth at the 2008 Australian Open, his first time in the Top 10 seeds at a Grand Slam, but lost to eventual runner-up Jo-Wilfried Tsonga in the first round. Murray withdrew from Great Britain's Davis Cup tie against Argentina, a decision that provoked controversy; his brother Jamie commented, "It's not that Andy doesn't enjoy the Davis Cup, it's just that he obviously felt that it was more important for him to concentrate on Marseille and play well there rather than come here."
Murray won his fifth career title at his next tournament in Marseille, defeating Mario An?i? in the final. In Murray's opening match in Dubai, he defeated world number one Roger Federer but exited in the quarter-finals; Murray posted early losses at the subsequent Masters Series events in Indian Wells and Miami.
Onside Law, the legal firm representing Andy Murray's official website, made an official legal request to fan site murraysworld.com to cease and desist all use of photographs and images of Andy Murray unless given explicit permission from the copyright holders in April 2008. The lawyers claimed the use of such material constituted copyright infringement; the fan site claimed the legal request was an attempt to "suppress a website that is often critical, and in some cases damaging to Murray's image due to its journalistic principles".
In a bid to improve his results on clay, which had been thus far his least successful surface, Murray began working with former French Open runner-up Alex Corretja. However, Murray failed to go beyond the third round of any of his pre-French Open clay court tournaments. Murray reached the third round of the Open, and completed a convincing second-round win over clay specialist José Acasuso 6–4, 6–0, 6–4, which BBC Sport described as "his best ever performance on clay"
At Queen's, Murray reached the quarterfinals, but withdrew from his quarterfinal match against Andy Roddick owing to a thumb injury. As the twelfth seed at Wimbledon, Murray defeated his first two opponents, Fabrice Santoro and Xavier Malisse, before defeating Tommy Haas 6–4, 6–7(4), 6–3, 6–2 in the third round. In the fourth round, he defeated Richard Gasquet 5–7, 3–6, 7–6(3), 6–2, 6–4, even though Gasquet had served for the match in the third set. In his first career Grand Slam quarterfinal however, Murray was defeated by eventual champion Rafael Nadal, 6–3, 6–2, 6–4.
Murray playing a shot at Cincinnati in August on course to his first ATP Masters Series title.
Murray returned to action on the US Open Series, where he has so far encountered success. In the Toronto Masters he reached the semi-finals, defeating Novak Djokovic for the first time on his route there, before defeating Djokovic again, in the final of the Cincinnati Masters, to win his first Master Series shield. This ensured that Murray reached a career high of No. 6 in the world
After winning in Cincinnati, Murray went into the men's singles at the 2008 Summer Olympics as one of the favourites for gold,but he suffered a shock defeat to Lu Yen-Hsun of Taiwan in the first round. Murray also entered the men's doubles, where he was paired with his brother Jamie. Andy and Jamie won 4–6 6–3 6–4 in the first round against Canada's Daniel Nestor and Frederic Niemeyer,but were beaten in the second round by the French duo of Arnaud Clément and Michaël Llodra in straight sets, 6–1 6–3.
In the U.S. Open, Murray progressed from the third round by coming back from being two sets down against Jürgen Melzer. He then beat 10th seed Stanislas Wawrinka 6–1, 6–3, 6–3 to reach the quarter-final. In that match he stopped 17th seed Juan Martín del Potro's 23 match winning streak by winning 7–6, 7–6, 4–6, 7–5, coming back from a break down in both the first and fourth sets. Murray was assured of a world ranking high of No. 4 by reaching the semi-final, benefitting from the losses of David Ferrer, Andy Roddick and Nikolay Davydenko.
Murray played top seed Rafael Nadal in the semi-final, which was moved forward and on to the Louis Armstrong Stadium court owing to rain expected to be caused by Hurricane Hanna. Murray won the first two sets, 6–2, 7–6(5), but Nadal however, was up a break in the third set as the play was suspended owing to the rain's arrival. The match continued on the Arthur Ashe Stadium court the following day, with Murray triumphing 6–2, 7–6(5), 4–6, 6–4.Murray became the first British man since Greg Rusedski in 1997 to reach the final of a Grand Slam, and only the third in the open era (John Lloyd being the first, in 1977). Rusedski said, "There's no doubt Murray's playing the best tennis of the two players. He's been so impressive." Describing the semi-final result as "awesome", Murray was asked about his prospects in the final, saying, "Roger's played better in his last couple of matches after struggling earlier in the tournament. I'm going to have to play great to have a chance of winning that." He called it an "honour" to play against "probably the greatest player ever" in a Slam final. "I've played well against him in the past. Hopefully I can do the same again."Murray lost the final to Roger Federer in straight sets, 6–2, 7–5, 6–2.
At the 2008 Madrid Masters, Murray received a bye in the first round as the No. 4 seed and faced Italian Simone Bolelli. Murray completely dominated the first set, 6–0, dropping only one point, before Bolelli retired in the second owing to injury.He then overcame a tough test against Marin Cilic, winning 7–5, 7–6(2) to progress to the quarterfinals, where he defeated Gaël Monfils 6–2, 6–2. In the semifinals, he defeated World No. 2, Roger Federer in a rematch of their US Open final. Murray won in three sets, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5 to bring their overall head-to-head record to 3–2 in Murray's favour. In the tournament final, he defeated Gilles Simon 6–4, 7–6(6) to win his fourth title of the year as well as securing back-to-back Masters Series titles. He became the first Briton to win multiple Masters Series titles, and the first to win four titles in a single season. He won the St. Petersburg Open on 26 October with a comfortable 6–1, 6–1 victory over Andrey Golubev, which was his 23rd victory in 25 matches. His defense of the title made him the first British player to win back-to-back titles since Mark Cox in March 1975 when Cox won at London and Washington.
Murray then competed in the end of season Masters Cup, a tournament that only the top eight players in the world qualify for. He won all of his round robin matches, against Andy Roddick,Gilles Simon and Roger Federer. His win against Federer eliminated his opponent from the competition. Murray then lost himself, however, 5–7 2–6 to Nikolay Davydenko in the semi final.